Project HEIDI

Sounding Rocket HEIDI
Spaceport America Cup 2019

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Second participation. Second place.

Rocket engineering into the next round

Building up on the lessons learned from project TELL, team HEIDI aimed to increase the reliability of ARIS’ sounding rockets and strived for an award winning system.

With project HEIDI, ARIS – in the second year of its existince – competed for the second time at the Spaceport America Cup in New Mexico and made the second place in its category of 10’000ft and commercial-off-the-shelf solid motors with a nominal flight. Project HEIDI was a full success.

To increase reliability and maximize the scoring

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explore the project HEIDI

Reliability

Critical components were analyzed and strategies to reduce specific risks implemented in this year’s design. Testing efforts were increased up to a maiden flight before the competition.

Pretdictability

To achieve a stable and precise trajectory the rockets structure was tuned for dynamic stability. The rockets shape was optimized aerodynamically to reduce drag and increase efficiency.

Improved control

To better control the final altitude of the rocket and reach 10’000ft as precisely as possible, the airbrake mechanism was redesigned and aerodynamically improved.

Advanced payload interface

HEIDI enables to integrate up to three experiments at the same time and exchange these payloads within less than two minutes. The standardized interface structures simplifies the process.

Second place, honorable mention for safety

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>> download the project report

The Rocket HEIDI

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check out the subsystems

 

 

 

 

 

Lift-off weight

Length

Diameter

Peak thrust

Total impulse

 Payload experiments

 

 

 

 

 

Subsystems

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Solid motor

When reaching its peak thrust of 3400N, the commercially available solid rocket motor accelerates the system with 10 g to transonic velocities of up to 670 mph. Like the space shuttle boosters, it burns an ammonium perchlorate based solid propellant.

Airframe

The airframe is lightweight, yet sturdy enough to handle the high accelerations du ring the flight. This is achieved by using fibre composites for the fairings and nose cone as weil as aerospace grade aluminium for the bulkheads and other interface structures.

Payload

The system carries three scientific experiments massing to 8.8 lbs distributed over five CubeSat units. A miniature microscope visualized biological cells du ring flight, a multitude of accelerometers estimate velocity and position of the system with high precision and electric energy is harvested from the system’s vibrations in flight.

Recovery system

Redundant, commercially available recovery electronics provide firing signals for a timely deployment of rocket separation, main parachute and drogue parachute. This dual event system ensures minimal drift from the launch pad. Here, the drogue parachute stabilises the descend after apogee while the main parachute, deploying at 700 ft AGL, slows the rocket to a safe touch down speed.

Separation mechanism

After reaching apogee, a separation of the rocket by C02 charges provides access to the parachute bay. Prior to that, the launcher is held together by shear pins proven in extensive ground testing as weil as in flight.

Airbrake and control

The wind tunnel tested air brakes together with a highly sophisticated, student developed control algorithm ensures that the system reaches the 10’000 ft apogee to a very high precision.

Highly integrated electronics hardware

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>> download the podium session presentation

What went forgotten?

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A focus on reliability

Team HEIDI focused on increasing the reliability of the whole system during the development. Critical components were analyzed and subsystem testing increased. Bla bla to better simulate and estimate the trajectory and flight.

HEIDI’s validation & verification principles

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1

Critical Components

Analysis, shear pin testing Bla bla

2

Subsystems

Drop tests, Windtunne

3

Full System

Assembly & operations trainings, Two full system launches to reduced altitude, one success, one fail

Critical component testing and analysis

Finite Element Analysis of critical structural components

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Shear pin testing

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Download Deia’s Thesis, right?

Aerodynamic analysis of the airbrake system

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Subsystem Testing

Droptest: Re-assure the reliable function

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Windtunnel Test: identify and verify the aerodynamic parameters

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Full System Testing

Full system flights to reduced altitudes in Switzerland

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Assembly and operations dry runs

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Did the passion catch you?

Check out the videos of project HEIDI

Follow us on youtube

The team ARIS reached the 2nd place at the Spaceport America Cup 2019

Credits: ETH Zürich

Hoch hinaus. Der Weg zum Spaceport America Cup – ARIS Teil 1

Credits: ETH Zürich

ETH-Rakete Heidi wird getestet. Der Weg zum Spaceport Cup – ARIS Teil 2

Credits: ETH Zürich

HEIDI Maiden Flight, March 2019

HEIDI had its successful maiden launch to 1’141m above ground in Val de Ruz, Switzerland, with the ARGOS in March 2019.

Rocket Windtunnel Testing at Sauber Aerodynamics, May 2019

To characterize the aerodynamic parameters of the rockets both Team HEIDI and Team EIGER (EPFL Rocket Team) tested their rockets at Sauber Aerdynamics facilities in Hinwil, Switzerland.

A team to make it happen

For 10 months TBD students worked voluntary on project HEIDI besides their studies. They were mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, physicists, computer scientists, material scientists and management & technology students – a mix of Bachelor, Master and PhD students.

Driven by passion they made the impossible possible for ARIS and carried a statement about interdisciplinary teamwork and the strength of Swiss Universities into the World!

>> get to know the rest of the ARIS team

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Partners to make it fly

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– The enablers of project HEIDI –

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